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Blockchain as a Driver for Smart City Development: Application Fields and a Comprehensive Research Agenda

Horst Treiblmaier, Abderahman Rejeb, Andreas Strebinger
<span title="2020-08-07">2020</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/iw7fu2hiprf3bjqx4aj6aicbiq" style="color: black;">Smart Cities</a> </i> &nbsp;
In this paper, we discuss blockchain technology, a novel driver of technological transformation that comprises a multitude of underlying technologies and protocols, and its potential impact on smart cities  ...  Based on a comprehensive literature review, we present a framework and research propositions.  ...  Acknowledgments: AR is grateful to Karim Rejeb, László Imre Komlósi, Katalin Czakó and Tihana Vasic for their valuable support. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities3030044">doi:10.3390/smartcities3030044</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/3ntphwiiejcwjirqpq6w2mlbrq">fatcat:3ntphwiiejcwjirqpq6w2mlbrq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201107091042/https://res.mdpi.com/d_attachment/smartcities/smartcities-03-00044/article_deploy/smartcities-03-00044.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/3c/c5/3cc5df9fa3d78e62b7164bf483919f2e00047aed.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities3030044"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a>

Blockchain-Based Distributed Information Hiding Framework for Data Privacy Preserving in Medical Supply Chain Systems

Abir EL Azzaoui, Haotian Chen, So Hyeon Kim, Yi Pan, Jong Hyuk Park
<span title="2022-02-10">2022</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/taedaf6aozg7vitz5dpgkojane" style="color: black;">Sensors</a> </i> &nbsp;
In this paper, we propose the implementation of Blockchain and smart contract with the information hiding technique to enhance the security and privacy of data communication in critical systems, such as  ...  In the era where cyber-attacks are cheaper and easier due to the computational power and various algorithms available for malicious uses, security, and data privacy requires intensive and higher measures  ...  Moreover, to enhance the security and privacy of the system, we use a Blockchain-based private cluster.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/s22041371">doi:10.3390/s22041371</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35214273">pmid:35214273</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC8963092/">pmcid:PMC8963092</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/x6zxtjet4fb3xjiqrxabphcmlu">fatcat:x6zxtjet4fb3xjiqrxabphcmlu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220426125732/https://mdpi-res.com/d_attachment/sensors/sensors-22-01371/article_deploy/sensors-22-01371-v2.pdf?version=1644811734" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/01/6c/016c6e2b48c8f9765623d775b7e41814ebc7b94f.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/s22041371"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8963092" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

A Review on the Application of Blockchain for the Next Generation of Cybersecure Industry 4.0 Smart Factories [article]

Tiago M. Fernández-Caramés, Paula Fraga-Lamas
<span title="2019-02-25">2019</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
In addition, this paper presents a thorough review on the most relevant blockchain-based applications for Industry 4.0 technologies.  ...  Thus, its aim is to provide a detailed guide for future Industry 4.0 developers that allows for determining how blockchain can enhance the next generation of cybersecure industrial applications.  ...  Some organizations have proposed blockchain-based AR/VR solutions that allow for sharing digital assets in a collaborative manner [108] and/or in shared smart spaces [109] . • In order for AR/VR devices  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1902.09604v1">arXiv:1902.09604v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/uvko5vb3gndffkdtjudq6prcrq">fatcat:uvko5vb3gndffkdtjudq6prcrq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20191013173825/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1902.09604v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b2/64/b26404769a5b4ef73fb37f061c2189ed8dd88550.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1902.09604v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

A Review on the Application of Blockchain to the Next Generation of Cybersecure Industry 4.0 Smart Factories

Tiago M. Fernandez-Carames, Paula Fraga-Lamas
<span title="">2019</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/q7qi7j4ckfac7ehf3mjbso4hne" style="color: black;">IEEE Access</a> </i> &nbsp;
In addition, this paper presents a thorough review of the most relevant blockchain-based applications for Industry 4.0 technologies.  ...  Thus, its aim is to provide a detailed guide for the future Industry 4.0 developers that allows for determining how the blockchain can enhance the next generation of cybersecure industrial applications  ...  Some organizations have proposed blockchain-based AR/VR solutions that allow for sharing digital assets in a collaborative manner [107] and/or in shared smart spaces [108] .  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2019.2908780">doi:10.1109/access.2019.2908780</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/6z67pnnehbdxtgi2yob5v52zmq">fatcat:6z67pnnehbdxtgi2yob5v52zmq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210429101449/https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/ielx7/6287639/8600701/08678753.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b4/a8/b4a8e22b4b2f79384c8ccd6e29e434063d9bed12.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2019.2908780"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

When Blockchain Meets Smart Grids: A Comprehensive Survey [article]

Yihao Guo, Zhiguo Wan, Xiuzhen Cheng
<span title="2021-09-29">2021</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
In the field of smart grids, a plethora of proposals have emerged to utilize blockchain for augmenting intelligent energy management, energy trading, security and privacy protection, microgrid management  ...  We also present thorough comparison studies among blockchain-based solutions for smart grids from different perspectives, with the aim to provide insights on integrating blockchain with smart grids for  ...  In order to enhance privacy protection and power security, Kaur et al. [66] propose a framework based on software-defined networking and blockchain.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2109.14130v1">arXiv:2109.14130v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/iqdtdkjvffaoxjmuotie4nuqle">fatcat:iqdtdkjvffaoxjmuotie4nuqle</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20211003135103/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2109.14130v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/c1/2b/c12ba4d35c5df09c9016a48fbea80193298cbae0.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2109.14130v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Securing IoT Applications using Blockchain: A Survey [article]

Sreelakshmi K. K., Ashutosh Bhatia, Ankit Agrawal
<span title="2020-06-05">2020</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
The answer to secure operations in a trustless environment brings us to the decentralized solution of Blockchain.  ...  One of the major concerns with the IoT systems is the lack of privacy and security preserving schemes for controlling access and ensuring the security of the data.  ...  In Wan et al. (2019) , presented a Blockchain-based security framework for ensuring privacy and security in a smart factory.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2006.03317v1">arXiv:2006.03317v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/xio2x32w25gkxahyhvvqd6vcdu">fatcat:xio2x32w25gkxahyhvvqd6vcdu</a> </span>
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Guest Editorial: Blockchain Solutions for Industrial Internet of Things

Yan Zhang, Zibin Zheng, Hong-Ning Dai
<span title="">2021</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/lxfdtuyn4nhhtevm3datmysrpa" style="color: black;">IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics</a> </i> &nbsp;
Blockchain and blockchain-enabled smart contracts can essentially offer solutions to address the emerging challenges in IIoT.  ...  To address this issue, the seventh paper presents a blockchain-based framework for auditable data-sharing services in smart grid.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tii.2021.3080427">doi:10.1109/tii.2021.3080427</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/kyo636lmtjhdxiy2v43yp6w4mq">fatcat:kyo636lmtjhdxiy2v43yp6w4mq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210802212035/https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/ielx7/9424/9502581/09502426.pdf?tp=&amp;arnumber=9502426&amp;isnumber=9502581&amp;ref=" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/70/87/708743c9e14d0b724dd53852b2a0e22e2d65165a.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tii.2021.3080427"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

New Privacy Practices for Blockchain Software

Marta Belles-Munoz, Jordi Baylina, Vanesa Daza, Jose L. Munoz
<span title="">2021</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/jhl2cbsylzbvrkralsnalz2dci" style="color: black;">IEEE Software</a> </i> &nbsp;
However, it is a considerable challenge to use a transparent system like blockchain and at the same time provide privacy to sensitive data.  ...  Closing the gap between developers and privacy-preserving technologies would help to the full adoption of the privacy by design framework for blockchain software.  ...  research is supported by the Ethereum Foundation Ecosystem Support [9] , TCO-RISEBLOCK (PID2019-110224RB-I00), H2020-i3-MARKET, ARPASAT (TEC2015-70197-R), 2014-SGR-1504, RTI2018-102112-B-I00 (AEI/FEDER,UE) and  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/ms.2021.3086718">doi:10.1109/ms.2021.3086718</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/unq5zarysndkjhhewp4sxursje">fatcat:unq5zarysndkjhhewp4sxursje</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210717051848/https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/ielx7/52/5204063/09446757.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/6c/b7/6cb7096a475561225418a858c7335fc5053133e3.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/ms.2021.3086718"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Blockchain for IoT Applications: Taxonomy, Platforms, Recent Advances, Challenges and Future Research Directions

Abdelzahir Abdelmaboud, Abdelmuttlib Ibrahim Abdalla Ahmed, Mohammed Abaker, Taiseer Abdalla Elfadil Eisa, Hashim Albasheer, Sara Abdelwahab Ghorashi, Faten Khalid Karim
<span title="2022-02-18">2022</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ikdpfme5h5egvnwtvvtjrnntyy" style="color: black;">Electronics</a> </i> &nbsp;
We propose a blockchain taxonomy for IoT applications based on the most significant factors. In addition, we examine the most widely used blockchain platforms for IoT applications.  ...  Blockchain solutions have recently been created to help overcome these difficulties. The purpose of this paper is to provide a survey and tutorial on the use of blockchain in IoT systems.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors extend their appreciation to the Deanship of Scientific Research at King Khalid University for funding this work through Review Article, under grant number (R.A./37/43).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics11040630">doi:10.3390/electronics11040630</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/njmtuuai6fd6zkp7xfp2743sfe">fatcat:njmtuuai6fd6zkp7xfp2743sfe</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220505175321/https://mdpi-res.com/d_attachment/electronics/electronics-11-00630/article_deploy/electronics-11-00630.pdf?version=1645156469" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/3b/6b/3b6b1dbf69e68d3022e6a93b1c2533d69e18ae45.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics11040630"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a>

Blockchain for Edge of Things: Applications, Opportunities, and Challenges [article]

Thippa Reddy Gadekallu, Quoc-Viet Pham, Dinh C. Nguyen, Praveen Kumar Reddy Maddikunta, N Deepa, Prabadevi B, Pubudu N. Pathirana, Jun Zhao, Won-Joo Hwang
<span title="2021-10-11">2021</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Particularly, the convergence of blockchain and EoT leads to a new paradigm, called BEoT that has been regarded as a promising enabler for future services and applications.  ...  Subsequently, we discuss the use of BEoT in a wide range of industrial applications, from smart transportation, smart city, smart healthcare to smart home and smart grid.  ...  The work in [109] , introduces a distributed IIoT model for smart factory using blockchain.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2110.05022v1">arXiv:2110.05022v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/cluqv67o2jcpnoif75gwatayrm">fatcat:cluqv67o2jcpnoif75gwatayrm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20211015002752/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2110.05022v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/61/f3/61f30650d26bf74be210ca162c37bd680765202b.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2110.05022v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Blockchain-based Digital Twin for Supply Chain Management: State-of-the-Art Review and Future Research Directions [article]

Jiongbin Liu, William Yeoh, Youyang Qu, Longxiang Gao
<span title="2022-04-25">2022</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
In this paper, we provide a comprehensive literature review of the blockchain-based digital twin (DT) solutions to optimise the processes of data management, data storage, and data sharing in SCM.  ...  blockchain-based DT shop floor, warehouse, and logistics.  ...  data and big data in in smart manufacturing are reviewed and smart discussed. manufacturing [1] A blockchain Digital twin, A spiral DT framework is presented for solution for the blockchain building a  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2202.03966v2">arXiv:2202.03966v2</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/kxcz3szowbgrblk4chuttqapaq">fatcat:kxcz3szowbgrblk4chuttqapaq</a> </span>
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The Role of Blockchain to Fight Against COVID-19

Anshuman Kalla, Tharaka Hewa, Raaj Anand Mishra, Mika Ylianttila, Madhusanka Liyanage
<span title="">2020</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/o24zrpn4uzd2rb2ukxexrwxupm" style="color: black;">IEEE Engineering Management Review</a> </i> &nbsp;
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This work is partly supported by European Union in RE-SPONSE 5G (Grant No: 789658), Academy of Finland in 6Genesis (grant no. 318927) and Secure Connect projects.  ...  The security of smart contacts can be improved by using a Trusted Execution Environment (TEE) and game-based smart contracts. D.  ...  Blockchain is a viable alternative to address data security and privacy concerns.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/emr.2020.3014052">doi:10.1109/emr.2020.3014052</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ls2zrbhlhrdinlllu65sbgw3am">fatcat:ls2zrbhlhrdinlllu65sbgw3am</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201104063613/https://researchrepository.ucd.ie/bitstream/10197/11507/2/Blockchain_for_COVID_19__TEMS_4000_Words___2nd_Submission_%20%282%29.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b6/a9/b6a946497eba00767c07e2ce22bcc490ce56cc08.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/emr.2020.3014052"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Empowering ISA95 compliant traditional and smart manufacturing systems with the blockchain technology

Erkan Yalcinkaya, Antonio Maffei, Hakan Akillioglu, Mauro Onori
<span title="">2021</span> <i title="EDP Sciences"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/6l6jjj3sibgqzie47srufe2qwa" style="color: black;">Manufacturing Review</a> </i> &nbsp;
Blockchain technology (BCT) is a new breed of technology characterized by decentralized verifiability, transparency, data privacy, integrity, high availability, and data protection properties.  ...  have started to profoundly impact and challenge not only the ISA95 compliant traditional (ISA95-CTS) but also the smart manufacturing systems (SMMS).  ...  Fernandez-Carames and Fraga-Lamas [13] The authors focused on practical applications of BCT to smart factories and highlighted significant advantages of adopting BCT in data interoperability, systems  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1051/mfreview/2021013">doi:10.1051/mfreview/2021013</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/al67kbgbirbenelgz3rxhwoy2a">fatcat:al67kbgbirbenelgz3rxhwoy2a</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210802125859/http://kth.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:1555062/FULLTEXT01" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/3b/e4/3be4843de05b261e4ee17c4ad3ada42bdf3447b0.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1051/mfreview/2021013"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Blockchain for 5G and Beyond Networks: A State of the Art Survey [article]

Dinh C Nguyen, Pubudu N Pathirana, Ming Ding, Aruna Seneviratne
<span title="2019-12-11">2019</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Driven by the dramatically increased capacities of the 5G networks and the recent breakthroughs in the blockchain technology, blockchain-based 5G services are expected to witness a rapid development and  ...  The recent advances in the applications of blockchain in 5G Internet of Things are also surveyed in various domains, i.e. smart healthcare, smart city, smart transportation, smart grid and UAVs.  ...  Thus, designing practical security solutions for MEC-based smart grid system is critical.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1912.05062v1">arXiv:1912.05062v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ecitoeu5ijh6flblgm74fpvmz4">fatcat:ecitoeu5ijh6flblgm74fpvmz4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200906105159/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1912.05062v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/1e/55/1e55e13f6af744181be67877d7016971dd17d660.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1912.05062v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Security Enhancement of IoT and Fog Computing Via Blockchain Applications

Ramadan T. H. Hasan, IT Department, Technical College of Informatics Akre, Duhok Polytechnic University, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, IRAQ, Siddeeq Y. Ameen, IT Department, Technical College of Informatics Akre, Duhok Polytechnic University, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, IRAQ
<span title="2021-10-15">2021</span> <i title="Penerbit UTHM"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/zxkr4ycrsvegnm3kefysrbjzjq" style="color: black;">Journal of Soft Computing and Data Mining</a> </i> &nbsp;
Then we explained Fog computing, Generic Security Requirements for Fog Computing, and we also discussed Blockchain applications that enhance Fog Computing Security.  ...  In this paper, first, we explained blockchain, its architecture, and its security. Then we view Blockchain application in IoT security.  ...  In fog computing, Blockchain-based applications are solutions for verification, encrypted connectivity, compatibility, anonymity, and confidence management, enhancing the security of Fog Computing.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.30880/jscdm.2021.02.02.003">doi:10.30880/jscdm.2021.02.02.003</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/i24c772rdra7taafliel7uxbma">fatcat:i24c772rdra7taafliel7uxbma</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20211117140717/https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/jscdm/article/download/8943/4557" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/32/85/328579c84d27c9a5ea5fd9f66c48c87b48651a33.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.30880/jscdm.2021.02.02.003"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>
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