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A Behavioural Theory for Interactions in Collective-Adaptive Systems [article]

Yehia Abd Alrahman and Rocco De Nicola and Michele Loreti
2018 arXiv   pre-print
We propose a process calculus, named AbC, to study the behavioural theory of interactions in collective-adaptive systems by relying on attribute-based communication.  ...  An AbC system consists of a set of parallel components each of which is equipped with a set of attributes.  ...  The full proof is reported in Appendix A. Behavioural Theory for AbC In this section, we define a behavioural theory for AbC .  ... 
arXiv:1711.09762v2 fatcat:tdoywqyzuvf27cxpigfdodzkuu

On self-adaptive resource allocation through reinforcement learning

Jacopo Panerati, Filippo Sironi, Matteo Carminati, Martina Maggio, Giovanni Beltrame, Piotr J. Gmytrasiewicz, Donatella Sciuto, Marco D. Santambrogio
2013 2013 NASA/ESA Conference on Adaptive Hardware and Systems (AHS-2013)  
Together with self-protection, these are the properties identified in [3] for autonomic system.  ...  Together with self-protection, these are the properties identified in [3] for autonomic system.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ahs.2013.6604222 dblp:conf/ahs/PaneratiSCMBGSS13 fatcat:qqsbt5m2cbhh5mx7sktzks4sxq

Rigorous engineering of collective adaptive systems: special section

Rocco De Nicola, Stefan Jähnichen, Martin Wirsing
2020 International Journal on Software Tools for Technology Transfer (STTT)  
development, methods and theories for modelling and analysis, and techniques for programming and operating collective adaptive systems.  ...  It presents the seven contributions of the section and gives a short overview of the field of rigorously engineering collective adaptive systems by structuring it according to three topics: systematic  ...  This includes theories for designing and analysing collective adaptive systems, techniques for programming and operating such systems, rigorous methods for devising adaptation mechanisms, validation and  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10009-020-00565-0 fatcat:wudyead6tffhxczdq63ave3lty

A trace-based approach to identifying users' engagement and qualifying their engaged-behaviours in interactive systems: application to a social game

Patrice Bouvier, Karim Sehaba, Élise Lavoué
2014 User modeling and user-adapted interaction  
For this, our approach combines three theoretical frameworks : the Self-Determination Theory, the Activity Theory and the Trace Theory.  ...  it to 12 players' interaction data collected over four months.  ...  Funding for this project was provided by a grant from la Région Rhône Alpes and Le Grand Lyon. The QUEJANT project was labelled by the french competitiveness cluster Imaginove.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11257-014-9150-2 fatcat:m3juejc2v5gqto3vjbicmy2cfu

Moving beyond the direct impact of using CRM systems on frontline employees' service performance: The mediating role of adaptive behaviour

Renee Rui Chen, Carol Xiaojuan Ou, Wei Wang, Zhuo Peng, Robert M. Davison
2019 Information Systems Journal  
Meanwhile, the concept of "adaptive behaviour" of frontline employees has received little attention in the literature related to CRM  ...  Despite substantial investments in customer-relationshipmanagement (CRM) systems, companies continue to experience pain rather than profit.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We would like to thank the Senior Editor, Associate Editor and the review team for their constructive comments in improving this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1111/isj.12265 fatcat:7atpc2ie5jhzdifbjmtwb5uckm

Coarse-graining as a downward causation mechanism

Jessica C. Flack
2017 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences  
I suggest that in many adaptive systems components collectively compute their macroscopic worlds through coarse-graining.  ...  I further suggest we move from simple feedback to downward causation when components tune behaviour in response to estimates of collectively computed macroscopic properties.  ...  I also thank Michael Mauboussin for helpful discussion of information aggregation mechanisms in adaptive systems, particularly markets. Disclaimer.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rsta.2016.0338 pmid:29133440 pmcid:PMC5686398 fatcat:bvjrzygf3vhcdi5ftow5ol2p4e

The Paradox of Intervening in Complex Adaptive Systems Comment on "Using Complexity and Network Concepts to Inform Healthcare Knowledge Translation"

Jacqueline Chandler
2018 International Journal of Health Policy and Management  
Second, our need to adopt a better understanding of how these systems organise so we can change the systems overall behaviour, creates a paradox.  ...  First, increasing interest in applying the Complexity Theory lens in healthcare needs further systematic work to create some commonality between concepts used.  ...  "A Complex Adaptive System is a collection of diverse parts interconnected such that the organisation (or organism) grows over time without centralised control….CAS is generated by the adaptive interactions  ... 
doi:10.15171/ijhpm.2018.05 pmid:29935137 pmcid:PMC6015514 fatcat:54wmujrfkbetlbnxqieeg2nb6y

City Out of Chaos: Social Patterns and Organization in Urban Systems [chapter]

R. M. Pulselli, C. Ratti, E. Tiezzi
2011 Ecodynamics: The Prigogine Legacy  
Considering a city as a place of interactions between humans and the built environment, maps of social activity reveal how urban-social systems have self-adaptive properties like complex dissipative systems  ...  This research develops innovative approaches for urban studies, applying the theories of evolutionary physics and ecosystems to urban systems and defining a theoretical interdisciplinary approach.  ...  The idea that a city can be conceived as a complex self-adapting system, or even a living ecosystem, is a key point for urban research.  ... 
doi:10.2495/978-1-84564-654-7/19 fatcat:hlcdtjysarbhpmyn3du4ug6axi

City out of chaos

R.M. Pulselli, C. Ratti, E. Tiezzi
2006 International Journal of Ecodynamics  
Considering a city as a place of interactions between humans and the built environment, maps of social activity reveal how urban-social systems have self-adaptive properties like complex dissipative systems  ...  This research develops innovative approaches for urban studies, applying the theories of evolutionary physics and ecosystems to urban systems and defining a theoretical interdisciplinary approach.  ...  The idea that a city can be conceived as a complex self-adapting system, or even a living ecosystem, is a key point for urban research.  ... 
doi:10.2495/eco-v1-n2-126-135 fatcat:ebjrmptc6rgwnofhqefko3eobu

FuturICT: FET Flagship Pilot Project

Steven Bishop, Dirk Helbing, Paul Lukowicz, Rosaria Conte
2011 Procedia Computer Science  
In turn, insight from these models will inform the development of a new generation of socially adaptive, self-organised ICT systems.  ...  The ultimate goal of the FuturICT Flagship is to understand and manage complex, global, socially interactive systems, with a focus on sustainability and resilience.  ...  This new science will comprise models, theories and tools for the analysis of complex, dynamic interactions between society and socially adaptive ICT.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2011.12.014 fatcat:5odzqnhh5bhnnfkysbjwp2pcby

Application of simplified Complexity Theory concepts for healthcare social systems to explain the implementation of evidence into practice

Jacqueline Chandler, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Claire Hawkes, Jane Noyes
2015 Journal of Advanced Nursing  
Acknowledgements The authors are grateful to Kate Seers for kindly providing helpful comments on a draft of the manuscript.  ...  Funding This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not for profit sectors.  ...  A social system's multiple forms of expression emerge out of the collective behaviour of micro-level interactions.  ... 
doi:10.1111/jan.12815 pmid:26388106 fatcat:yakcbej2tvctxntqe4shma5ycq

Interactive AI with a Theory of Mind [article]

Mustafa Mert Çelikok, Tomi Peltola, Pedram Daee, Samuel Kaski
2019 arXiv   pre-print
We describe our recent work in using nested multi-agent modelling to formulate user models for multi-armed bandit based interactive AI systems, including a proof-of-concept user study.  ...  We argue for formulating human--AI interaction as a multi-agent problem, endowing AI with a computational theory of mind to understand and anticipate the user.  ...  In a recent work, we developed a nested multi-agent user model for multi-armed bandit based interactive systems [15] .  ... 
arXiv:1912.05284v1 fatcat:d53k7xbtvnendgvqnrb4khd4me

Using Traces to Qualify Learner's Engagement in Game-Based Learning

Patrice Bouvier, Karim Sehaba, Elise Lavoue, Sebastien George
2013 2013 IEEE 13th International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies  
Metrics methods propose to collect any interactions between a user and the game.  ...  Thus, to identify and to qualify learners' engagement from their traces of interaction, we combine a theoretical work on engagement and engaged-behaviours, the Self-Determination Theory, the Activity Theory  ...  Funding for this project was provided by a grant from la Région Rhône Alpes and Le Grand Lyon. The QuEJAnT project is labelled by the french competitiveness cluster Imaginove.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icalt.2013.132 dblp:conf/icalt/BouvierSLG13 fatcat:phuq5ls5kzd4roy2imk65wn3h4

Theory of deferred action

Nandish V. Patel, Tillal Eldabi, Tariq M. Khan
2010 Journal of Enterprise Information Management  
Enabling deferred action in designed artificial complex adaptive systems like business organisations and IS is problematical.  ...  We focus on understanding the effect of emergence when designing artificial complex adaptive systems by developing an exploratory proto-agent model and evaluate its suitability for implementation as agent-based  ...  Complex adaptive systems (CAS) are a collection of elements that behave collectively but no single element has complete control over the behaviour of the whole system.  ... 
doi:10.1108/17410391011061799 fatcat:zmgevm7lorecfhlfyx52u2y6zi

Formal Ensemble Engineering [chapter]

J. W. Sanders, Graeme Smith
2008 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The 'ensembles' identified by the InterLink working group on Software Intensive Systems comprise vast numbers of components adapting and interacting in complex and even unforseen ways.  ...  The result provides challenges for formal software engineering but opportunites for ensemble engineering.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank Kirsten Winter for discussions on these ideas and comments on an early draft of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-89437-7_8 fatcat:whcegovavngaro5iaqjjhgojdq
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