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Three-Dimensional Non-stationary Wideband Geometry-Based UAV Channel Model for A2G Communication Environments

Hao Jiang, Zaichen Zhang, Guan Gui
2019 IEEE Access  
In this paper, we propose a novel three-dimensional multiple-input multiple-output channel model to describe the air-to-ground (A2G) communication environments.  ...  In light of this, we are able to investigate the propagation properties of the A2G channel model for different time delays.  ...  Therefore, it is important to introduce a three-dimensional (3D) air-to-ground (A2G) channel model to reflect the propagation properties of UAV communications.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2897431 fatcat:5jjknrriy5cpdeqy3s53fa6fpy

A Survey of Channel Modeling for UAV Communications

Aziz Altaf Khuwaja, Yunfei Chen, Nan Zhao, Mohamed-Slim Alouini, Paul Dobbins
2018 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
ACKNOWLEDGMENT We would like to thank Dr Richard Staunton for reading our manuscript and correcting typographical errors.  ...  Geometry-based Stochastic Channel Model Geometry-based stochastic modeling approach obtains the spatial-temporal channel characteristics with the stochastic output in a 3D geometric simulated environment  ...  In [20] , the geometric-based stochastic approach has been utilized for UAV channel modeling to analytically characterize a 2 × 2 MIMO enabled AG propagation in a 3D plane.  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2018.2856587 fatcat:uvxhrptp5vfb5dtoe64hpuz4ua

Geometry-Based Channel Modelling for Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication: A Review

Jalel Chebil, Hanene Zormati, Jamel Belhadj Taher, Mohammad Alibakhshikenari
2021 International Journal of Antennas and Propagation  
This paper reviews the recent techniques used for geometry-based stochastic channel modelling for V2V communication.  ...  It starts by presenting the various classes of wireless communication channel models available in the literature with more emphasis on the Geometry-Based Stochastic channel Models (GBSM).  ...  In [34] , a wideband GBSM for low-altitude UAV channels based on WSS assumption was developed.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2021/4293266 fatcat:qp5oafcb6zgjxjenmsxykeifle

A 3D Non-Stationary Wideband GBSM for Low-Altitude UAV-to-Ground V2V MIMO Channels

Hengtai Chang, Ji Bian, Cheng-Xiang Wang, Zhiquan Bai, Wenqi Zhou, El-Hadi M. Aggoune
2019 IEEE Access  
In this paper, we propose a three-dimensional (3D) wideband non-stationary A2G vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) geometry-based stochastic channel model (GBSM).  ...  This fact motivates us to develop a non-stationary channel model for UAV-to-ground links.  ...  On the contrary, the geometry-based stochastic channel model (GBSM) method is a typical stochastic channel modeling method that has been widely used to simulate wireless channels due to its good balance  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2919790 fatcat:q7p3v6bxwrfdbgfdyz7yus4cee

Channel Modeling for UAV Communications: State of the Art, Case Studies, and Future Directions [article]

Zhuangzhuang Cui, Ke Guan, César Briso-Rodríguez, Bo Ai, Zhangdui Zhong, Claude Oestges
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This article pours attention into the essentials of corresponding air-to-air (A2A) and air-to-ground (A2G) channels in UAV communications.  ...  ground station, to name a few.  ...  It is known that popular channel models are usually statistical, deterministic, and geometry-based stochastic. Each modeling approach has its pros and cons.  ... 
arXiv:2012.06707v2 fatcat:axtvrbnjq5cirezfph46xcan3i

A Comprehensive Survey on UAV Communication Channel Modeling

Chaoxing Yan, Lingang Fu, Jiankang Zhang, Jingjing Wang
2019 IEEE Access  
To fill this gap, this paper focuses on reviewing the air-to-ground (A2G), ground-to-ground (G2G) and air-toair (A2A) channel measurements and modeling for UAV communications and aeronautical communications  ...  C-band [79] A2G channels for over-water, several terrains and aircraft shadowing [20] [21] [22] 91] Path loss and shadowing between UAVs and LTE cellular networks at 800 MHz [68] Geometry-based stochastic  ...  A. UAV MIMO CHANNELS Zeng et al. [96] investigated the geometry-based stochastic model [97] used for UAV MIMO channel modeling.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2933173 fatcat:uajjuvmvjzgi3hcbeopsf4yjju

A 3D Non-Stationary Geometry-Based Stochastic Model for UAV-MIMO Ricean Fading Channels

xi zhang, Xiang Cheng
2019 IET Communications  
In this study, the authors propose a novel three-dimensional (3D) non-stationary geometry-based stochastic model (GBSM) and the corresponding deterministic and stochastic simulation models for non-isotropic  ...  All the aforementioned GBSMs for UAV channels are based on the wide-sense stationary (WSS) modelling assumption, i.e. the channel statistical properties are considered unchanged with respect to time.  ...  For example, UAVs are able to move freely in a real three-dimensional (3D) environment with relatively high velocities, and obstacles exist around the UAV while traditional air-ground systems have the  ... 
doi:10.1049/iet-com.2019.0139 fatcat:peu2cmtmujgnpac2zt6dn3myru

A Survey on Millimeter-Wave Beamforming Enabled UAV Communications and Networking [article]

Zhenyu Xiao, Lipeng Zhu, Yanming Liu, Pengfei Yi, Rui Zhang, Xiang-Gen Xia, Robert Schober
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The technical potential of and challenges for mmWave-UAV communications are presented first. Then, we provide an overview on relevant mmWave antenna structures and channel modeling.  ...  However, the communication capacity is becoming a bottleneck for UAV to support more challenging application scenarios.  ...  Stochastic channel models, such as geometry-based stochastic channel models (GSCMs) and tapped delay line (TDL) models, utilize statistical distribution models and empirical parameters to mathematically  ... 
arXiv:2104.09204v2 fatcat:rbywt5p7uzhhzg3hbc7tnln45q

Millimeter Wave Channel Modeling via Generative Neural Networks [article]

William Xia, Sundeep Rangan, Marco Mezzavilla, Angel Lozano, Giovanni Geraci, Vasilii Semkin, Giuseppe Loianno
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The methodology is demonstrated for 28GHz air-to-ground channels in an urban environment, with training datasets produced by means of ray tracing.  ...  This paper presents a general modeling methodology based on training generative neural networks from data.  ...  AIR-TO-GROUND RAY TRACING DATA AT 28 GHZ Experimental data on UAV channels has been limited, particularly in the mmWave bands [19] , [20] , [26] - [28] .  ... 
arXiv:2008.11006v1 fatcat:h5jo6kcidjekxnggtq4ryk744a

Mobility Support for Millimeter Wave Communications: Opportunities and Challenges [article]

Jing Li, Yong Niu, Hao Wu, Bo Ai, Sheng Chen, Zhiyong Feng, Zhangdui Zhong, Ning Wang
2022 arXiv   pre-print
(V2X), high speed train (HST), unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), and the new space-air-ground-sea communication scenarios.  ...  Next we survey the key challenges and existing solutions to mmWave applications, such as channel modeling, channel estimation, anti-blockage, and capacity improvement.  ...  , air-to-air, and air-to-ground, air-to-sea links [73] .  ... 
arXiv:2205.09214v1 fatcat:l7ekb4a3pnabxmnlr7wirpm55q

Accessing From The Sky: A Tutorial on UAV Communications for 5G and Beyond [article]

Yong Zeng, Qingqing Wu, Rui Zhang
2019 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we give a tutorial overview of the recent advances in UAV communications to address the above issues, with an emphasis on how to integrate UAVs into the forthcoming fifth-generation (5G)  ...  Several critical issues arise, including the line-of-sight (LoS) dominant UAV-ground channels and resultant strong aerial-terrestrial network interference, the distinct communication quality of service  ...  For example, 3D geometry-based stochastic model for multiple-input multipleoutput (MIMO) UAV channels has been proposed in [50] .  ... 
arXiv:1903.05289v2 fatcat:tvwlivdxpra6rebdvikbrrczmm

A Three Dimensional MIMO Channel Model for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle in Urban Environments

Horacio A. Mendoza, Horacio A. Mendoza, Graciela Corral-Briones
2021 IEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society  
To accomplish this, we propose the use of a geometric stochastic technique to model the channel behavior which lies between High Altitude Platforms (HAP) and terrestrial link communications.  ...  In order to design high throughput and efficient communication schemes for these scenarios, a deep understanding of the communication channel behavior is required, especially taking into account measurement  ...  In this sense, a multiantenna extension of the Geometric Air-to-Ground Ellipsoidal (GAGE) radio channel model has been recently proposed by Wentz [32] for a base station replacement in cellular service  ... 
doi:10.1109/ojcoms.2021.3090399 fatcat:foyky7r6cvbtvozqdrtnseehnm

Modeling and Simulation for UAV Aided Vehicular MIMO Communication Channels

Yiran Li, Xiang Cheng
2019 IET Communications  
For the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-aided vehicular multiple-input multiple-output Ricean fading channel, this study proposes a novel three-dimensional geometry-based stochastic model (GBSM).  ...  stochastic models [11] and geometry-based stochastic models (GBSMs).  ...  A 3D UAV-MIMO model which combining an elliptic-cylinder and a two-sphere model was proposed in [18] .  ... 
doi:10.1049/iet-com.2019.0329 fatcat:fosgtwhvqzhonbjwglhlre4npa

Generative Neural Network Channel Modeling for Millimeter-Wave UAV Communication [article]

William Xia, Sundeep Rangan, Marco Mezzavillla, Angel Lozano, Giovanni Geraci, Vasilii Semkin, Giuseppe Loianno
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The methodology is demonstrated for 28 GHz air-to-ground channels between UAVs and a cellular system in representative urban environments, with training datasets produced through ray tracing.  ...  This paper presents a general modeling methodology based on data-training a generative neural network.  ...  For the air-to-ground modeling problem, we consider two types of gNBs: • Standard gNBs, installed at street level and downtilted to serve terrestrial users, but potentially usable for UAV connectivity;  ... 
arXiv:2012.09133v2 fatcat:4v5nqpebxvfvnjfclfvm5c5pqq

Closing Connectivity Gap: An Overview of Mobile Coverage Solutions for Not-Spots in Rural Zones

Diego Fernando Cabrera-Castellanos, Alejandro Aragón-Zavala, Gerardo Castañón-Ávila
2021 Sensors  
Building new digital roads and pursuing a connected society includes looking for easier access to the internet.  ...  Access to broadband communications in different parts of the world has become a priority for some governments and regulatory authorities around the world in recent years.  ...  Optimization of Multi-UAV user deployment based in modified Kmeans distribution and POO. [99] X X X 3D non-stationary geometry-based stochastic channel model for A2G. • 3D arbitrary trajectories. • 3D  ... 
doi:10.3390/s21238037 pmid:34884041 fatcat:hlevmepei5fgdlryfd4navk55m
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