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Low power 50 Gb/s silicon traveling wave Mach-Zehnder modulator near 1300 nm

Matthew Streshinsky, Ran Ding, Yang Liu, Ari Novack, Yisu Yang, Yangjin Ma, Xiaoguang Tu, Edward Koh Sing Chee, Andy Eu-Jin Lim, Patrick Guo-Qiang Lo, Tom Baehr-Jones, Michael Hochberg
2013 Optics Express  
We present the first silicon modulator to operate at 50 Gbps near 1300 nm.  ...  The wavelength band near 1300 nm is attractive for many telecommunications applications, yet there are few results in silicon that demonstrate high-speed modulation in this band.  ...  We present the first silicon modulator to operate at 50 Gb/s near 1300 nm.  ... 
doi:10.1364/oe.21.030350 pmid:24514613 fatcat:gzs2tkho3bhclesrkym4fughkm

Experimental study of 112 Gb/s short reach transmission employing PAM formats and SiP intensity modulator at 13 μm

Mathieu Chagnon, Mohamed Osman, Michel Poulin, Christine Latrasse, Jean-Frédéric Gagné, Yves Painchaud, Carl Paquet, Stéphane Lessard, David Plant
2014 Optics Express  
Details of the SiP Mach-Zehnder interfometer are presented. We study the system performance at various bit rates, PAM orders and propagation distances.  ...  We present a Silicon Photonic (SiP) intensity modulator operating at 1.3 μm with pulse amplitude modulation formats for short reach transmission employing a digital to analog converter for the RF signal  ...  Recently in [13], a dual-drive SiP modulator operating at 30 GHz bandwidth near 1300 nm was demonstrated and used at a 50 Gb/s rate (OOK).  ... 
doi:10.1364/oe.22.021018 pmid:25321303 fatcat:imisnxffhndupite2zlro5k5ce

Quantum dot SOA/silicon external cavity multi-wavelength laser

Yi Zhang, Shuyu Yang, Xiaoliang Zhu, Qi Li, Hang Guan, Peter Magill, Keren Bergman, Thomas Baehr-Jones, Michael Hochberg
2015 Optics Express  
We report a hybrid integrated external cavity, multi-wavelength laser for high-capacity data transmission operating near 1310 nm.  ...  We show four major lasing peaks from a single cavity with less than 3 dB power non-uniformity and demonstrate error-free 4 × 10 Gb/s data transmission.  ...  Microring modulators can be more energy efficient, and orders of magnitude smaller than travelling wave Mache-Zehnder modulators [9, 10] .  ... 
doi:10.1364/oe.23.004666 pmid:25836504 fatcat:dit335acnvdfxf6xbbaksx4rjy

Design and characterization of a 30-GHz bandwidth low-power silicon traveling-wave modulator

Ran Ding, Yang Liu, Qi Li, Yisu Yang, Yangjin Ma, Kishore Padmaraju, Andy Eu-Jin Lim, Guo-Qiang Lo, Keren Bergman, Tom Baehr-Jones, Michael Hochberg
2014 Optics Communications  
We present the design and characterization of a silicon PN junction traveling-wave Mach-Zehnder modulator near 1550 nm wavelength.  ...  We demonstrated low modulation power of 640-fJ/bit at 40 Gb/s with a 1.6-V pp differential-drive and 0-V DC bias, raising the prospect of direct compatibility with CMOS drive-voltages.  ...  The other main category of carrier-depletion PN junction modulators is traveling-wave Mach-Zehnder (TWMZ) modulators.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.optcom.2014.01.071 fatcat:fqyb6dwnivb23ivqpvqtvhrexm

High-speed silicon modulators for the 2 μm wavelength band

Wei Cao, David Hagan, David J. Thomson, Milos Nedeljkovic, Callum G. Littlejohns, Andy Knights, Shaif-Ul Alam, Junjia Wang, Frederic Gardes, Weiwei Zhang, Shenghao Liu, Ke Li (+6 others)
2018 Optica  
A Mach-Zehnder interferometer modulator and a microring modulator have been characterized.  ...  We demonstrate high-speed modulators based on a 220 nm silicon-on-insulator platform working at a wavelength of 1950 nm, using the free carrier plasma dispersion effect in silicon.  ...  While testing the MZI with traveling wave electrodes, a second probe and external 50 Ω termination load and DC block are used.  ... 
doi:10.1364/optica.5.001055 fatcat:z2fqpkyoqze3nhnoadmojxwchq

All-organic and organic-silicon photonic ring micro-resonators

Antao Chen, Larry Dalton, Travis Sherwood, Alex K. Jen, Payam Rabiei, William Steier, Yanyi Huang, George T. Paloczi, Joyce K. S. Poon, Axel Scherer, Amnon Yariv, Alexis V. Kudryashov (+1 others)
2005 Laser Resonators and Beam Control VIII  
In this presentation, we review the fabrication and performance evaluation of a number of all-organic and organic-silicon photonic ring microresonator devices.  ...  High modulation speed is expected with traveling wave electrode of optimized design.  ...  The intensity of the light at the output port is modulated by the voltage on the electrode (Fig.13 ). Modulation at 1 Gb/s has been demonstrated with a simple lumped electrode design.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.609082 fatcat:txicvsqnn5fkdi5wgtyksuf7sy

CORNERSTONE's Silicon Photonics Rapid Prototyping Platforms: Current Status and Future Outlook

Callum G. Littlejohns, David J. Rowe, Han Du, Ke Li, Weiwei Zhang, Wei Cao, Thalia Dominguez Bucio, Xingzhao Yan, Mehdi Banakar, Dehn Tran, Shenghao Liu, Fanfan Meng (+21 others)
2020 Applied Sciences  
As a result of this, many commercial complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) foundries have developed open access silicon photonics process lines, enabling the mass production of silicon photonics  ...  The field of silicon photonics has experienced widespread adoption in the datacoms industry over the past decade, with a plethora of other applications emerging more recently such as light detection and  ...  Figure 8 . 8 Eye diagram for MZI modulator at 1956.5 nm wavelength. (a) Data rate is 10 Gb/s and extinction ratio is 12.7 dB. (b) Data rate is 20 Gb/s and extinction ratio is 10.3 dB.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app10228201 fatcat:txzk7q7k6vcojbt5l4l2tyyclm

2021 Index IEEE Photonics Technology Letters Vol. 33

2021 IEEE Photonics Technology Letters  
Power Dither Technique for Measuring the RF Half-Wave Voltage of a Silicon Mach-Zehnder Modulator.  ...  Gb/s at 77 K.  ... 
doi:10.1109/lpt.2021.3137685 fatcat:6hmqhnjk3zgejkxhjffntr3rge

Hybrid Silicon Photonic Integrated Circuit Technology

Martijn J. R. Heck, Jared F. Bauters, Michael L. Davenport, Jonathan K. Doylend, Siddharth Jain, Geza Kurczveil, Sudharsanan Srinivasan, Yongbo Tang, John E. Bowers
2013 IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics  
The hybrid silicon platform is maturing fast as increasingly complex circuits are reported with tens of integrated components including on-chip lasers.  ...  In this paper, we review the current status of the hybrid silicon photonic integration platform with emphasis on its prospects for increased integration complexity.  ...  EAMs can in principle be replaced by Mach-Zehnder modulators based on PHMs.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jstqe.2012.2235413 fatcat:xkugejfokjbkvohv5x3rlmukjm

Recent Progress in Silicon Photonics: A Review

Zhou Fang, Ce Zhou Zhao
2012 ISRN Optics  
This paper provides an overview of the progress and the state of the art of each component in silicon photonics, including waveguides, filters, modulators, detectors, and lasers, mainly in the last five  ...  Although the commercial promise has not been realized, this perspective gives huge impetus to the development of silicon photonics these years.  ...  Si has an apparent window from the wavelength of 1100 nm to 7000 nm approximately, which is far from being limited to the near-infrared (IR) communication band of 1300-1550 nm.  ... 
doi:10.5402/2012/428690 fatcat:zrchygzxqnc45cpgttmo5vibmy

Silicon Photonics-Based 100 Gbit/s, PAM4, DWDM Data Center Interconnects

Radhakrishnan Nagarajan, Mark Filer, Yang Fu, Masaki Kato, Todd Rope, James Stewart
2018 Journal of Optical Communications and Networking  
The module, based on the direct detect modulation format, is of much reduced complexity, power, and cost compared to the coherent systems that are currently being deployed for this application.  ...  We then demonstrate a switch-pluggable, 4.5 W, 100 Gbit/s, siliconphotonics-based, PAM4, QSFP-28 module to transport Ethernet data directly over DWDM for layer 2/3 connection between switches at data centers  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT We (RN) thank the extended engineering and operations team and the management at Inphi without whom the work on the module would not have been possible.  ... 
doi:10.1364/jocn.10.000b25 fatcat:ihkf7e3kn5aj7gws6nifjvkjrq

Passive Optical Access Networks: State of the Art and Future Evolution

Tommaso Muciaccia, Fabio Gargano, Vittorio Passaro
2014 Photonics  
An exhaustive summary is also given about the-state-of-the-art of modulation and encoding techniques recently proposed by the scientific community, as well as the open challenges (such as colorless and  ...  Mach-Zehnder Interferometer Electro-Absorption Modulator Extinction Ratio 20 dB 20 dB Modulation bandwidth 100 GHz 50 GHz Modulation voltage <10 V <2 V Insertion loss Low Moderate Size Large  ...  Denomination ITU-T Standard Core Diameter [µm] Cut-Off Wavelength αfiber D Graded-index multimode G.651 50 ± 3 - 2 ÷ 4 dB/km - Standard single mode G.652 8.6 ÷ 9.5@1300 nm 1270 nm 0.5  ... 
doi:10.3390/photonics1040323 fatcat:fex4ompeejbtlnruga6wm7n4o4

Breakthroughs in Photonics 2009

2010 IEEE Photonics Journal  
Large signal modulation at 35 Gb/s using 980-nm VCSELs with a tapered oxide aperture and deep oxidation layers [10] at 40 Gb/s using 1100-nm VCSELs with tunnel junctions [11] and at 22 Gb/s using 1550  ...  Eventually, in 2008, large signal modulation at 30 Gb/s was demonstrated for oxide-confined VCSELs emitting at 850 nm [13] .  ...  Gb/s), common electrical interface CEI (25-28 Gb/s), and universal serial bus protocol USB 4.0 (25 Gb/s or beyond).  ... 
doi:10.1109/jphot.2010.2048944 fatcat:4wnfxni2qzcwnfatprdbmqvqfy

An Energy-Efficient and Bandwidth-Scalable DWDM Heterogeneous Silicon Photonics Integration Platform

Di Liang, Sudharsanan Srinivasan, Geza Kurczveil, Bassem Tossoun, Stanley Cheung, Yuan Yuan, Antoine Descos, Yingtao Hu, Zhihong Huang, Peng Sun, Thomas Van Vaerenbergh, Chong Zhang (+5 others)
2022 IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics  
A successful 8 × 25 Gb/s link demonstration paves the way for the world's first fully-integrated DWDM PIC on Si with Terabit/s aggregated bandwidth and energy efficiency likely to ∼100 fJ/bit.  ...  The current main-stream Ethernet trends for larger bandwidth are pushing higher modulation baudrate or employing advanced modulation format for datacom applications.  ...  Popular choices like Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) modulators or electro-absorption modulators both requiring large/bulky (de)multiplexers ((DE)MUX) in a WDM system is not a viable choice here.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jstqe.2022.3181939 fatcat:p3hf2g4ztjbrlme4ssz5zy6vn4

Experimental Analysis of 60-GHz VCSEL and ECL Photonic Generation and Transmission of Impulse-Radio Ultra-Wideband Signals

Marta Beltran, Jesper Bevensee Jensen, Roberto Llorente, Idelfonso Tafur Monroy
2011 IEEE Photonics Technology Letters  
Commercially-available 62.5 μm MMF fibres compliant with the OM1 recommendation support up to 1 Gb/s employing both 850 nm VCSELs and 1300 nm Fabry Perot lasers. 50 μm MMF fibres compliant with OM2/OM3  ...  /OM4 support up to 10 Gb/s at 850 nm.  ... 
doi:10.1109/lpt.2011.2153841 fatcat:7tt6y5jcgfe4led42pdd5lvfre
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