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"Artificial Societies" and the Social Sciences

J. Stephen Lansing
2002 Artificial Life  
My research utilizing simulation modeling was supported by grants from the National Science Foundation, #BCS-0083524 and #SBR 962990. The views expressed in this article are (perhaps uniquely) my own.  ...  Acknowledgments I thank Thérèse de Vet, Christopher Langton, Jennifer Gulick, James Greenberg and John Murphy for helpful comments.  ...  In the social sciences, as we have seen, many 'artificial societies' models are explicitly predictive, though the nature of the predictions is quite variable.  ... 
doi:10.1162/106454602320991864 pmid:12537687 fatcat:uo6yqb7luvbz5khqbbzqgrwpji

Fill in the Gap: A New Alliance for Social and Natural Sciences

Tommaso Venturini, Pablo Jensen, Bruno Latour
2015 Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation  
To make sense of these traces a renewed collaboration between social and natural scientists is needed.  ...  In the last few years, electronic media brought a revolution in the traceability of social phenomena.  ...  that characterized the social sciences.  ... 
doi:10.18564/jasss.2729 fatcat:diaexvxiurb4jojpafwyc3mmxm

Simulating the Social Processes of Science

Bruce Edmonds, Nigel Gilbert, Petra Ahrweiler, Andrea Scharnhorst
2011 Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation  
of the social processes of science.  ...  on the dynamic, social and complex aspects of science, which illustrates the need for simulations.  ... 
doi:10.18564/jasss.1842 fatcat:7yvyw7b5orhzxehrk4awrds5qe

Two Challenges in Simulating the Social Processes of Science

Edmund Chattoe-Brown
2011 Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation  
This note discusses two challenges to simulating the social process of science.  ...  The second is how to get effective data on what, in broad terms, the properties of the "future" are. Paradoxically, with due care, we may learn a lot about the future by studying the past.  ...  Introduction 1.1 We can view science (leaving aside non-empirical fields like Post Modernism and Social Theory) as a discovery process.  ... 
doi:10.18564/jasss.1819 fatcat:fwq4gpley5caxdvba7wwuc52zi

Bibliometrics, Stylized Facts and the Way Ahead: How to Build Good Social Simulation Models of Science?

Matthias Meyer
2011 Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation  
This paper discusses how stylized facts derived from bibliometric studies can be used to build social simulation models of science.  ...  Based on a list of six stylized facts of science it illustrates how they can be brought into play to consolidate and direct research.  ...  The half-time of literature might be longer for the social sciences than for the natural sciences.  ... 
doi:10.18564/jasss.1824 fatcat:fga2f2w3kjh7dnflnmrku2ups4

The Competition for Attention and the Evolution of Science

Warren Thorngate, Jing Liu, Wahida Chowdhury
2011 Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation  
The present article suggests how the paradox can be addressed with computer simulation, and what its implications for the future of science might be.  ...  The competition is increasingly fierce in science where the exponential growth of information has forced its producers, consumers and gatekeepers to become increasingly selective in what they attend to  ...  the importance of personal and interpersonal influences on the development and trajectories of science (for example, see Diamond, 1996; LaTour, 1987; Merton, 1973 ; Social Studies of Science).  ... 
doi:10.18564/jasss.1868 fatcat:adshwhel6rhbtpaeph5jroj2xm

Artificial Societies of Intelligent Agents

Carlos Gershenson
2003 Social Science Research Network  
. , for the advices, comments, attention and inspiration they have given me. A mi familia, que siempre me ha motivado y apoyado.  ...  Artificial societies, as the one presented here, have been very important for social sciences.  ...  Artificial societies have also been useful in the social sciences. For example, Jim Doran has made a simulation where the agents might have collective misbelief (Doran, 1998) .  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.371641 fatcat:7pv3d3jiufhfhgdo44kuevsrfq

Is Social Simulation a Social Science Outstation? A Bibliometric Analysis of the Impact of JASSS

Flaminio Squazzoni, Niccolò Casnici
2013 Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation  
Results show that the impact of JASSS is higher in computer sciences, physics and ecology than it is in the social sciences, even though JASSS-indexed articles tend to be more concerned with social science-related  ...  Given the prestige of JASSS, this analysis can measure the growth and dynamics of social simulation and give us an indication of the direction in which social simulation is moving.  ...  We would like to thank the Forum editor for remarks and comments on a preliminary version of the paper.  ... 
doi:10.18564/jasss.2192 fatcat:nrhag74a5rav7dncmeqhyl5rwq

Categories of Artificial Societies [chapter]

Paul Davidsson
2001 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We investigate the concept of artificial societies and identify a number of separate classes of such societies. These are compared in terms of openness, flexibility, stability, and trustfulness.  ...  The two most obvious types of artificial societies are the open societies, where there are no restrictions for joining the society, and the closed societies, where it is impossible for an "external agent  ...  Acknowledgements The author acknowledges the valuable contribution from the colleagues in the AL-FEBIITE project (IST-1999-29003) and the members of the Societies of Computation research group at Blekinge  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-45584-1_1 fatcat:443yym5cyrfxxcmcqdtexeuwhm

Artificial societies and psychological agents [chapter]

S. N. K. Watt
1997 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
in an artificial society of similar agents.  ...  The environment, therefore, and the social rules that apply, are those of human social behaviour.  ...  The author is especially indebted to Marc Eisenstadt for moral and textual support, to Tamara Sumner and Hyacinth Nwana for making this paper much better than it was, and to all the participants in British  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-62560-7_36 fatcat:mu66taar6jff7ovtgawfk2e7ii

Norm internalization in artificial societies

Giulia Andrighetto, Daniel Villatoro, Rosaria Conte
2010 AI Communications  
Internalization is at study in social-behavioural sciences and moral philosophy since long; of late, the debate was revamped within the rationality approach to the study of cooperation and compliance since  ...  internalization is a less costly and more reliable enforcement system than social control.  ...  MacNorms [PIFCOO-08-00017] and the Generalitat de Catalunya [2009-SGR-1434]; the European Science Foundation EUROCORES Programme TECT, funded by the Italian National Research Council (CNR); the EC Sixth  ... 
doi:10.3233/aic-2010-0477 fatcat:cfffatfe2faqtgevccomw5xaey

Engineering Modeling Unconventional Emergency Artificial Society

Mingsheng Tang, Xinjun Mao, Xueyan Tan, Huiping Zhou
2011 Systems Engineering Procedia  
Furthermore, agents in the artificial society adopt the self-adaptive approach -binding mechanism, including role binding and emergency model binding.  ...  Lots of engineering modeling methods have been designed to investigate and analyze complex systems, such as artificial life, cellular automata and artificial society.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from National Nature and Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos. 9102403, and 61070034, Program for New Century Excellent  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.sepro.2011.10.004 fatcat:ab5f5lytm5dnxey2rk35mdsjuy

Die Provokation der "Artificial Societies"

Thomas Malsch
1997 Zeitschrift für Soziologie  
Das diesbezüg liche Angebot der VKI lautet, "(to) provide the social sciences with conceptual and experimental tools, namely the capacity to model, and make up in parallel, reactive and cognitive systems  ...  We need to begin to think through and articulate the bases of knowledge and action for DAI in the light of their social character."  ... 
doi:10.1515/zfsoz-1997-0101 fatcat:mqxcxucvyjavfpje26xalpiyvi

The explanatory potential of artificial societies

Till Grüne-Yanoff
2008 Synthese  
It is often claimed that artificial society simulations contribute to the explanation of social phenomena.  ...  Epstein and Axtell (1996) , who popularised the term 'Artificial Societies', showed how manipulating the attributes and behaviour rules of the model agents allows the generation of patterns akin to migration  ...  I further argue that agent-based simulations do not contribute to our Artificial societies simulate social phenomena.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11229-008-9429-0 fatcat:rvjlgdlpgzd2tdt6eagcbjybzm

Modeling Scientists as Agents. How Scientists Cope with the Challenges of the New Public Management of Science

Marc Mölders, Robin D. Fink, Johannes Weyer
2011 Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation  
The paper at hand applies agent-based modeling and simulations (ABMS) as a tool to reconstruct and to analyze how the science system works.  ...  Computer simulation helps to understand the complex interplay of developments at the macro (system) and the micro (actor) level.  ...  (H2) There is a significant feedback effect, since changing preferences of actors in turn affect and change the structure of the system.  ... 
doi:10.18564/jasss.1831 fatcat:uxn7qu55zjegxadtoh6yhghbt4
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